5G is known as the next big step of network and in particular mobile network technological change. The reality is, however, that new capabilities are already being added to and are enhancing 4G networks. For example, 4G networks are already capable of Gigabit/s speeds whilst simultaneously being able to support massive machine type communications with NB-IOT. When the 3GPP 5G specifications, beginning with the upcoming standard for New Radio, are implemented and rolled out, the capabilities they bring will further enhance our ability to provide a higher level of automation, perhaps leading to autonomous machines and even autonomous enterprises. The capacities enabled in both the mobile and in the wireline networks will provide a powerful infrastructure for the society of the 21st Century.